Gordon Allport is an outstanding figure in the world of psychology, and now there is hardly a book on psychology of personality without a special chapter on his theory, or at least references to it. -Gordon Allport (1985) His mother was a schoolteacher and his father was a doctor who instilled in Allport a strong work ethic. His career was spent developing his theory, examining such social issues as prejudice, and developing personality tests. “My plea … is that we avoid authoritarianism, that we keep psychology from becoming a cult from which original and daring inquiry is ruled out by the application of one-sided tests of method; that we come to evaluate our science rather by its success in enhancing … our powers of predicting, understanding, and controlling human action. "Excerpt from 'Six Decades of Social Psychology.'" Gordon Allport was a 20th century psychologist who studied personality and personality traits.. 3 | 8 By Gordon Allport’s classic definition, social psychology is the scientific attempt to understand and explain how the thought, feeling, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others (Allport 1954). Born in Indiana in 1897, Gordon Allport was one of four children. 1897–d. Course. A Mead Project source page Originally published as: Gordon W. Allport. Not logged in The psychologist’s frame of reference. He died in Cambridge Massachusetts in 1967. Gordon Allport, in full Gordon Willard Allport, (born November 11, 1897, Montezuma, Indiana, U.S.—died October 9, 1967, Cambridge, Massachusetts), American psychologist and educator who developed an original theory of personality. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences. (1940). The influence of Allport’s research is broad and long-lived; he is ranked at number 11 on the American Psychological Association’s list of the 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century. In contrast, immature religion is self-serving and generally represents the negative stereotypes t… D., Professor of Sociology, University of Southern California. Washington, D.C.:  American Psychological Association, William James Hall33 Kirkland StreetCambridge, MA 02138, Copyright © 2021 The President and Fellows of Harvard College, https://www.facebook.com/pages/Harvard-University-Psychology-Department/763759460386671. University. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology. A longstanding line of research that aims to combat bias among conflicting groups springs from a theory called the "contact hypothesis." Pp. Political Psychology, Vol. Central traits: Present to varying degrees in all people. Allport, G.W. He taught “Personality: It’s Psychological and Social Aspects,” which was a study derived from the research he had previously conducted with his brother. We provide an overview of the type and trait theory of personality as developed by this famous psychologist. In Sven Lundstedt (ed), Higher Education in Social Psychology.Cleveland: Press of Case Western Reserve University (1968): 10-11. (Eds.). Allport pioneered research on human personality. Social psychology is a field that uses the scientific method "to understand and explain how the thought, feeling, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. 12, No. Gordon Allport Psychology of the Individual Summary. Since he never lost interest in social psychology,he eventually got his degree in … University of Western Australia. Gilbert, D. T., Fiske, S. T., & Lindzey, G. (1998). (2005). (1992). Social psychology is a field that uses the scientific method "to understand and explain how the thought, feeling, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others." Abstract Over the past 50 years, Gordon Allport’s views of personality, and of personality psychology as a science, have had a guiding and pervasive influence. Abstract Over the past 50 years, Gordon Allport’s views of personality, and of personality psychology as a science, have had a guiding and pervasive influence. What is social psychology? This has … In this chapter, we examine Allport’s role in bringing about one of the most significant empirical advances in the field. 1, 1991 Classics in Political Psychology Gordon Allport's The Nature of Prejudice Irwin Katz' Gordon Allport's landmark book, The nature of prejudice, defined the field of intergroup relations for social psychologists as the study of prejudice and its effects on group interactions. This is a preview of subscription content. Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. Allport received his Ph.D. in Psychology in 1922 from Harvard, following in the foot steps of his brother Floyd, who became an important social psychologist. Allport also conducted seminal research into the psychological underpinnings of prejudice and discrimination. "-Gordon Allport (1985) of Southern Calif. Press. Gordon Willard Allport (November 11, 1897 – October 9, 1967) was an American psychologist. Developed in the 1950s by Gordon Allport, PhD, the theory holds that contact between two groups can promote tolerance and acceptance, but only under certain conditions, such as equal status among groups and common goals. (2003). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Hassin, R., Uleman, J., & Bargh, J. (Eds.). By Gordon Allport’s classic definition, social psychology is the scientific attempt to understand and explain how the thought, feeling, and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others (Allport 1954). 12, No. Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research on teaching. Gordon Allport, an American psychologist who made history by laying the foundation for personality psychology, his personality theory was considered one of the first humanist theories for its conception of human beings as an autonomous entity with free will. Definitions Social psychology. His father, a doctor, inspired Allport’s desire to help people through his experience with patients at their home-based doctor’s office. Gregory J. Feist. He defined attitude as a “mental and neural state of readiness … exerting a directive or dynamic influence upon the individual’s response to all objects and situations with which it is related” (Allport, … Social psychology is usually considered a subfield of psychology or sociology. Eminent psychologists of the 20th century. Allport received his Ph.D. in Psychology in 1922 from Harvard, following in the foot steps of his brother Floyd, who became an important social psychologist. This definition has been influential and instructive for researchers’ partitioning of the field at many stages of its development from the … Appointed a social science instructor at Harvard University in 1924, he became professor of psychology six years later and, in the last year of … September, 1921. This work led to a series of seminars on race relations for the Boston Police Department, a book entitled The Psychology of Rumor (Allport & Postman, 1947), and ultimately to Allport’s classic study The Nature of Prejudice (first published in 1954; Allport, 1979). The attributes Allport chose as descriptors of the field also summarize a significant portion of current work, including cognitive models of attitude change, links between emotional response and aggressive behavior, interpersonal interaction in close relationships, and the implications of... Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Gordon Allport (1985) described social psychology as using scientific methodology to understand how the feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of individuals are influenced by the actual or imagined presence and actions of others. 1, 1991 Classics in Political Psychology Gordon Allport's The Nature of Prejudice Irwin Katz' Gordon Allport's landmark book, The nature of prejudice, defined the field of intergroup relations for social psychologists as the study of prejudice and its effects on group interactions. He acted as editor, fac… Gordon Willard Allport . Early Life. He was the youngest of four brothers and was often described as shy, but also hard-working and studious. In his book The Individual and His Religion (1950), Gordon Allport (1897-1967) illustrates how people may use religion in different ways. Allport operated his own printing busine… Part of Springer Nature. 287. Allport received his Ph.D. in Psychology in 1922 from Harvard, following in the foot steps of his brother Floyd, who became an important social psychologist. Gordon Allport (1897-1967) was a leading personality and social psychologist of the mid-20 th century. Mature religious sentiment is how Allport characterised the person whose approach to religion is dynamic,open-minded, and able to maintain links between inconsistencies. After going to teach introductory courses on social psychology and personality at Dartmouth College for four years, Allport returned to Harvard and remained there for the rest of his career. Nicholson, I. There are some important differences in the way that psychological social psychologists and sociological social psychologists approach the field of study. And it also criticizes the Freud's theory To the Behaviorism Radical and all theories of personality that are based on the observation of animal behavior. Gordon W. Allport was a longtime and influential member of the faculty at Harvard University from 1930 to 1967. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology. A longstanding line of research that aims to combat bias among conflicting groups springs from a theory called the "contact hypothesis." Rosenthal, R. (1994). Reis, H. T., & Judd, C. M. Gordon Willard Allport (b.

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