“They were not love letters, but Lieutenant Cross was hoping. . After one of Cross’s men dies, Cross blames himself. The Most Common Reason (+Solution), 5 Mamba Mentality Quotes for Inspiration & Motivation. The things they carry depend on their rank and role. Cross only asks that O’Brien make him out to be “brave and handsome, all that stuff. Met again but went their separate ways. He often spent his evenings daydreaming about Martha form camping in the mountains to relaxing on the beach. The narrator describes the physical things that the men carry, but also references the mental things that the men must carry. Jimmy Cross is one of the main characters of the novel. This reading is not much of a stretch when one considers the boyish way in which he fantasizes about her. He remembers taking her out on a date, trying to put a hand on her knee, and being rebuffed. How do Martha and Jimmy Cross feel about each other? They were not love letters, but Lieutenant Cross … Tags: Question 14 . After the war is over, Jimmy Cross visits Tim O'Brien and the two reminisce over coffee. What does Jimmy Cross treasure most? The Top Hedge Fund Manager, Mitchell Sanders—The Things They Carried: Character Analysis, Caste Book Club Questions: Reflect With 7 Exercises, What the Vietnam War was like for soldiers on the ground, How Vietnam soldiers dealth with the psychological stress of death around them, How fictional stories can be truer than the truth. Her eyes were gray and neutral. "O'Brien" asks Jimmy about Martha. It reads, “The first was a Kodacolor snapshot signed love, though he knew better,” and “The photograph had been clipped from the 1968 Mount Sebastian Yearbook.” We can see this … Best platoon leader ever.”. Yet again, Cross feels he should have been a better leader. He also carried a strobe light but most importantly, the responsibility for the lives of his men. He didn't take the usual precautions when the men stopped for a break. Martha—The Things They Carried: Why Cross Blames Her. As a leader Jimmy Cross would carry a compass, maps, code books, binoculars, and a pistol. She gives him a sense of escape. Lt. Cross is preoccupied by thoughts of Martha, a young woman he dated before he joined the Army. Jimmy Cross physically carried the wounds of battle. The love interest of Lieutenant Jimmy Cross. he tried to concentrate on Lee Strunk and the war, all the dangers, but his … Rat Kiley is a medic and carries medical supplies. The story begins with a paragraph about Jimmy Cross and his relationship with Martha. Who is Martha? The The Things They Carried quotes below … Martha’s picture can represent Cross’s escape to his life before the war, and his hopeful … His feelings about Martha are his tether, his connection to a world apart from the horror and mayhem of Vietnam. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 2. Who does he love and what are at least two things he does regarding (about) Martha that shows his love? Why did Lieutenant Jimmy Cross feel guilty about Ted Lavender's death? In "The Things They Carried" why does Jimmy Cross feel guilty? Q. Vietcong. Cross carries two photographs of Martha in The Things They Carried. First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, commanding officer in charge of Alpha Company, a unit of the U.S. Army in the Vietnam War, is reminiscing about a girl named Martha whom he knew back home. 3. The nature of the … a good luck charm, a speckled pebble she found on the beach . Jimmy Cross carried more than physical things with him, he carried such love and obsession for Martha that he was losing his soldiers but he was going to try and fix things. II. P. 1-2, top of page 4 He loves Martha. She said in her letter that she found it on the Jersey shoreline and it made her feel like they were "separate-but-together." How do certain items reflect the individual? This article is an excerpt from the Shortform summary of "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien. Character Analysis Lt. Jimmy Cross Lt. Cross functions as a metaphor for the war, specifically its lack of meaningful structure. Cross is shocked that he even remembered who Martha … She had never married, she said, and probably never would. Jimmy Cross, who is 1st lieutenant of his platoon, ... Martha. Wracked with guilt and shame, he is afraid to cry in front of the men. Lieutenant Cross loved a girl named Martha and the chapter ¨Love¨ is based on his love for her. SURVEY . The narrator does not mention Cross … Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, however, restricted his personal belongings to pictures and letters from Martha. Martha also sent Cross a pebble that the carries around. ... What two items does Jimmy Cross carry that characterize him as distracted and obsessed? In "The Things They Carried" why does Jimmy Cross feel guilty? Cross is in love with Martha, and he clings to his love to help him get through the war. As it mentions in the story all the soldiers carry all their necessities they want to make them feel warm and at home, whereas, Jimmy Cross carries in his wallet two photographs of Martha. On occasion he would yell at his men to spread out the column, to keep their eyes open, but then he would slip away into daydreams, just pretending… It has been suggested that Cross’ feelings for Martha are truly a desire to return home, to return to a simple time, to peace: “Martha becomes, for Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, the embodiment of America as home and haven” (Chen 89). Eventually, O'Brien feels like the mood has lightened enough for him to ask about Martha. A. Martha is a few years younger than Jimmy Cross, does not love the soldier back but writes him letters and sends him mementos anyway. She is a poet and dreamer and university student who loves the work of Virginia Woolf. Why does Jimmy Cross feel responsible for Ted Lavender's death? He let one of his men die? Since the request is not revealed, does it matter? For Lt. Cross, he carries the blame for the death of Ted Lavender and the burden of trying to keep the rest of the men in his company alive. Instead of leading his men and putting their safety and security first as a colonel should, he too often day dreams about Martha … Jimmy Cross also carries the picture of Martha, and the “lucky” pebble from the woman who does not return the love or talk of the war in their exchange of letters. What does Jimmy ask Tim to do/not do when he writes his story? Martha Quotes in The Things They Carried. She is a poet and dreamer and university student who loves the work of Virginia Woolf. O’Brien asks Cross what became of Martha. Analysis. Cross … … Shortform has the world's best summaries of books you should be reading. One of the things they carry around are the items and memories of home. How do Martha and Jimmy Cross feel about He walks through the war daydreaming of Martha, distracted. Throughout the entire story, Cross is torn between Martha and his men. Even though she never appears in the main narrative, Martha’s role in The Things They Carried is a large one. Such men suffer so that others don’t have to bear the brunt of the guilt and confusion. The love interest of Lieutenant Jimmy Cross. Jimmy Crosss character represents the profound effects responsibility has on those who are too immature to handle it. Lieutenant Cross is concerned that Martha does not have the same intense love for him as he does for her. She sent him letters in the war and a pebble for good luck. What does she represent? Who Is Ray Dalio? What realization does LT Cross make about his relationship with Martha? Peeing. What did Martha give Jimmy Cross… Jimmy Cross can be viewed as a Christ figure. How does Martha feel about Jimmy Cross? Jimmy Cross sees Martha in the exact same way in which soldiers in Vietnam think of the world back home; it is desirable and peaceful but also unreal. He is in love with her, but fears that his love is unrequited—although she signs off her letters to him with the customary “Love,” Cross knows that it is perfunctory and without meaning. When Jimmy visits the narrator in "Love," he says that he and Martha did what? 4. As a sophomore in college, he signs up for the Reserve Officers Training Corps because it is worth a few credits and because his friends are doing it. Senior Lieutenant, Jimmy Cross, carried letters from a girl, named Martha, who was studying at Mount Sebastian College in New Jersey. He felt guilty because he was distracted and thought about Martha. Emotionally, he would always carr the his loss of the men in his unit, and the life he lived before the war. Lieutenant Jimmy Cross is the platoon leader in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried. Why does Jimmy Cross feel responsible for Ted Lavender's death? What does the author intend by relaying the weights of all the items the men carry? Lieutenant Cross knows Martha does not love him, but he cannot stop loving her. These items cannot be dispensed of, because they are … He secretly hoped Lavender would die. Give a description of Martha. Jimmy wonders if Martha is a _____ Virgin. For one thing, Jimmy Cross spends inordinate amounts of time thinking about a girl back home named Martha. How do Martha and Jimmy Cross feel about each other? Years later, after the war, Cross reunites with the narrator, O’Brien, at the latter’s home in Massachusetts. Amanda received her Master's Degree in Education from the University of Pennsylvania. Lieutenant Jimmy Cross is in a war instead of his crush Martha. A student. Required fields are marked *. answer choices . As a result, when he is led into battle with several men in his charge, he is unsure in everything he does. Letters from a girl. Jimmy Cross' obsession. What does Martha represent to Cross? While Jimmy is in love with her, Martha merely keeps up pretenses. Cross’s skepticism becomes clear early on; when he reads Martha’s letters in an effort to distract himself from the atrocities and unknowns he faces in the jungle, he suspects that the “Love” with which she signs her letters is merely a figure of speech. What was Ted Lavender doing when he died? How does Martha feel about Jimmy Cross? In "The Things They Carried," Lt. Cross is preoccupied with thoughts of Martha: When checking on Lee Strunk who is searching a tunnel, "suddenly, without willing it, he was thinking about Martha. Martha stopped to write him any love letters, but Lieutenant Cross didn’t lose hope and put them in a plastic bag at the bottom of the box. He was daydreaming about Martha when it occured. The narrator depicts Cross as ugly. Notice the reference to games – “…war was like a ping-pong ball…” but NOT like a game of checkers? Cross recalls going to see Bonnie and Clyde with her and touching Martha’s knee during the final scene of the film. Martha is on his mind so much, that he finds it increasingly challenging to focus on his battle. With the pebble, Cross can picture Martha walking barefoot on the Jersey Shoreline. Everyone else carries a standard M-16 with a standard 25 rounds of ammo, but Ted … To cope with his war burden, he clings to the memory and to the idea of Martha in any way he can, including tasting the envelope flaps of her letters (knowing that her tongue has been there) and keeping a small pebble in his mouth that she sent to him from a beach back home. “Love” would no longer be a factor. "On the morning after Ted Lavender died, First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross crouched at the bottom of his foxhole and burned Martha's letters. Why mention the age of the soldiers? First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross carried letters from a girl named Martha, a junior at Mount Sebastian College in New Jersey. He decides he hates her.... (full context) Love. Martha is a few years younger than Jimmy Cross, does not love the soldier back but writes him letters and sends him mementos anyway. At times, Jimmy's fantasies of Martha became completely overwhelming, and therefore started to come back to reality, which, in return, lead to negative feelings of regret, remorse, guilt, shame, and blame. View The things they carried from SCIENCE AP CHEM at Northside High School, Columbus. Why is there so much mention of the death of Lavender? Ted Lavender, which was one of the men under Jimmy Cross's command, was shot in … … Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, however, restricted his personal belongings to pictures and letters from Martha. “Love” functions as a postscript or epilogue for the story of Jimmy Cross and Martha, begun in the previous story, “The Things They Carried.” O’Brien’s explanation of how things turned out for Cross and Martha, twenty years after the war, is his first reference to the fallout of Vietnam. Jimmy Cross loves Martha, & he knows that she _____ love him. Even though she doesn't love him and he only loves the idea of her, she serves as a willing audience, like the … How do certain items reflect the individual? For him, this act is a symbol of a lost time, of a path in his life not taken. Throughout the entire story, Lieutenant Jimmy Cross is struggling to stop thinking about Martha and start being a better leader to his men. Yes. He tells O’Brien that he ran into her again at a college reunion in 1979 and told her that he still loved her. Martha is a few years younger than Jimmy Cross, does not love the soldier back but writes him letters and sends him mementos anyway. He could see her bending over, right where … Kiowa admires Jimmy Cross, the first lieutenant and platoon leader, because of how much Jimmy Cross cares for the men in his platoon. He feels responsible for the death of one of his men (Ted) because he was thinking about a girl back home (Martha). He is obsessed with Martha … Character "Tim O'Brien," a middle-aged writer, recalls when, many years after the war, Lt. Jimmy Cross visits him at his home. 4. Why is it significant that Martha never mentions the war in her letters? In times of inexplicable atrocity, certain individuals assume the position of a group’s or their own savior. The be burned the two photographs" (1258). Who is Martha in The Things They Carried? Cross recalls going to see Bonnie and Clyde with her and touching Martha’s knee during the final scene of the film. 2. answer choices . Jimmy often _____ about romantic vacations with Martha? As a leader Jimmy Cross would carry a compass, maps, code books, binoculars, and a pistol. We’ll cover the spectral presence of Martha in The Things They Carried and look at how this character impacts the events of the book. Jimmy Cross also has emotional ties to the soldiers in his squad. Why is it significant that Martha never mentions the war in her letters? Like this article? The morning after Lavender’s death, Cross burns Martha’s letters and photos. Much of the gear carried by the soldiers is standard equipment: guns, flak jackets, canned food, ponchos, helmets. It is a Martha that Lt. Cross can feel, kiss, and smell. It's an unrealistic fantasy, but Martha gives Cross hope. Martha is the object of Cross's sexual desire, Linda is not the subject of O'Brien's; Martha prevents Cross from being a soldier, Linda teaches Timmy about death. Martha is unresponsive to Cross' confession that he's always loved her. He is in love with her, but fears that his love is unrequited—although she signs off her letters to him with the customary “Love,” Cross knows that it is perfunctory and without meaning. He asked Lavender to go check something for him. The narrator included the story of Martha in the novel anyway. Who is Martha? When Jimmy visits the narrator in "Love," he says that he and Martha did what? Tennis. He believes that he was daydreaming and distracted while thinking about Martha, and that this led to Lavender’s demise. "Spin" 1. The guilt he … Your email address will not be published. Cross reveals that he never forgave himself for Ted Lavender's death, at which point O'Brien and Cross decide to switch from coffee to alcohol. Why does Jimmy Cross feel responsible for Ted Lavender's death? The author makes it clear that no matter where the protagonist goes, his infatuation towards Martha regularly engrosses his thought process. Jimmy Cross carried a selection of items from Martha, a girl he was in love with. The three main symbols for Jimmy were the letters, the photographs, and the pebble from Martha. They went on a single date in college. Park The Things They Carried The symbols in Tim O’brien’s “The Things They Carried” are essential to understanding the soldiers and their lives during the Vietnam War. Unfortunately, Cross does not see an issue with what he is doing, his failure to recognize the reality of where he is causes him to lose mental focus on the battlefield. Martha does not feel the same way about Cross. Martha had a way of leading on Jimmy Cross and to allow his love for her to grow. The pebble has a powerful significance in the life of Lt. Jimmy Cross. What are the most important scenes involving her in the book? He thought he could have prevented it. Volleyball. Does Jimmy's love sometimes distract him from taking care of his soldiers? He often spent his evenings daydreaming about Martha form camping in the mountains to relaxing on the beach. 2. They spend a full day looking at old photographs and talking, recalling both good and bad memories of the war. Here's what you'll find in our full The Things They Carried summary: Amanda Penn is a writer and reading specialist. While Jimmy is in love with her, Martha merely keeps up pretenses. ... What sport did Martha play at Mount Sebastian College? The narrator depicts Cross as a coward. Soccer. Does his feeling for Martha sustain or undermine him as a soldier and officer in war? Why does he burn the letters and photos of Martha? Jimmy Cross was being selfish and his now paying for it by having to go on throughout the day missing a soldier. Out of all the things he carries, Cross’s emotional baggage for Martha is the …show more content… The heaviest thing that he carries … "Spin" 1. O’Brien, now an author, says that he’d like to develop Cross and Martha’s story into a written piece. 3. Doesn't. List some items that the men carry. She is 13,982 Kilometers away studying at college in New Jersey. What do we learn about Azar’s character? Martha represents Cross' hopes and dreams. Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, the platoon leader, for instance, carries letters from a girl named Martha, and later he also carries a lucky stone that she sends him. What does Martha represent to Cross? He regrets not going further—carrying her up to her dormitory, tying her to the bed, and touching her knee all night. Martha is a few years younger than Jimmy Cross, does not love the soldier back but writes him letters and sends him mementos anyway. In what sense is his death Jimmy's fault? What does Jimmy ask Tim to do/not do when he writes his story? Lieutenant Jimmy Cross, the platoon leader, for instance, carries letters from a girl named Martha, and later he also carries a lucky stone that she sends him. She sent him letters in the war and a pebble for good luck. The Things They Carried 1. Yes. This chapter is rich with subtext about Martha that is continued from the preceding chapter. Cross as time goes on (441). They represented what his life could have been if not for the war, his feelings for Martha, and the home he left behind in America. Shortform summary of "The Things They Carried", Why Do We Make Mistakes? 2. Cross feels guilty about his death because as the platoon leader he is responsible for the lives of his men. Lieutenant Jimmy Cross also experiences guilt due to his experiences in Vietnam. Notice the reference to games – “…war was like a ping-pong ball…” but NOT like a game of Ranging from Henry Dobbins' girlfriend's pantyhose to Mitchell Sanders' condoms, the unit was filled with bizarre articles that held sentimental feeling. An unnamed narrator describes in third person the thoughts and actions of Jimmy Cross, the lieutenant of an Army unit on active combat duty in the Vietnam War. The result, as is demonstrated by the story, is deadly. Has he resolved his conflict at the end of the story? He’d even confessed to her his fantasy about tying her to her bed and touching her knee (which Martha had said she was glad he never acted upon). Jimmy’s emotions eventually hinder his judgement and his ability to stay focused. 2. He is obsessed with Martha … The pebble in The Things They Carried symbolizes Martha, a woman who would never love Lt. Cross the same way he loved her, a complex relationship, and an undying symbol of love and affection that can never be destroyed. He regrets not going further—carrying her up to her dormitory, tying … Lieutenant Cross would try to treat his men as individuals but at times he … He let one of his men die? Jimmy sits for hours at … Martha is a character in The Things They Carried who only appears in the memories of First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross.

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